Presence of Nepali Political Parties in Internet

Door-to-door campaigning is a thing of the past. In the pre-Internet era, you had to write an opinion column in a newspaper or send a letter to the editor to have your opinion published. Otherwise, you could rant your political opinions only with your close friends, family, co-workers and passers-by at the local tea shops. Today, anyone can do a Facebook Live, post a status on a social networking site or comment at the end of many views and articles, or create a poll — all with a much larger audience. Facebook posts and adverts are being used to target voters. The political debate today has a much different meaning. Why? Because more people are speaking out and being heard.

Election in Nepal

After the successful legislative election- Constitution Assembly Election in 2013, Nepal has completed the local election and first phase of provincial assembly and federal parliament election up to 32 Districts. Now, Nepal is heading towards the second phase of provincial assembly and federal parliament election. Political parties are accountable for the sustainable development of the nation. People have right to vote or choose for those parties and their candidates according to the parties’ orientation on peoples’ verdict of peace and development according to the manifesto of the parties. In this era of technology, in order to inform about the party and their activities, manifestos to the people the websites, social media are being used. Here, the list of the political parties with their approach on the web according to the data provided by the election commission of Nepal has been presented.

The web approach of the political parties in Nepal has been analyzed according to three categories;
a. The political parties having their own websites,
b. Political Parties having no websites but have contents in Wikipedia/Facebook and
c. Parties not mentioned in web.

Political parties registered in the Election Commission

Nepali Congress
Akhanda Nepal Party
Akhanda Sudurpashchim Party Nepal
Bahujan Samaj Party Nepal
Bahujan Shakti Party
Bibeksheel Nepali Dal
Bouddhik Prajatantrik Parishad
Churebhavar Loktantrik Party
Churebhavar Rastriya Ekta Party Nepal
Churebhavar Rastriya Party
Communist Party of Nepal
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre)
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist-Leninist-Socialist)
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist Leninist)
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist)
Communist Party of Nepal (United)
Deshbhakta Janaganatantrik Morcha
Deshbhakta Paryabaraniya Samajik Morcha
Deshbhakta Samaj
Gandhivadi Party Nepal
Green Party Nepal
Hamro Party
Hamro Party Nepal
Jana Jagaran Party Nepal
Janasamajvadi Party, Nepal
Janashakti Nepal
Khambuwan Rashtriya Morcha, Nepal
Lok Dal
Lok Kalyankari Janata Party, Nepal
Madhesh Terai Forum
Madhesi Janaadhikar Forum Madhesh
Manch (Tharuhat)
Miteri Party Nepal
Muskan Sena Nepal
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal
Nepal Aama Party
Nepal Bahudal Party
Nepal Communist Party (Marxist)

Nepal Dalit Party
Nepal Janaloktantrik Party
Nepal Janata Party
Nepal Loktantrik Forum
Nepal Loktantrik Janata Congress Party
Nepal Mazdoor Kisan Party
Nepal Pariwar Dal
Nepal People’s Party
Nepal Prajatantrik Pragatisheel Party
Nepal Purvarastrasevak Loktantrik Party
Nepal Samabesi Party
Nepal Samajvadi Party (Lohiyavadi)
Nepal Sukumbasi Party (Loktantrik)
Nepali Janata Dal
Pichhadabarga Nishad Dalit Janajati Party
Prajatantrik Shakti Party
Rastrabadi Ekta Party
Rastravadi Party
Rastriya Churebhavar Party
Rastriya Jana Ekta Party
Rastriya Janamorcha
Rastriya Janamukti Party
Rastriya Janata Dal Nepal
Rastriya Janata Party Nepal
Rastriya Mukti Andolan, Nepal
Rastriya Prajatantra Party
Rastriya Shiva Sena Party
Rastriya Trimool Bahujan Samajvadi Party
Rastriya Yatharthavadi Party Nepal
Sajha Party
Samajvadi Janata Party
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya
Sanghiya Loktantrik Rastriya Manch
Sanghiya Samajvadi Forum,Nepal
Shiva Sena Nepal
Tamangsaling Loktantrik Party
Yuva Nepal Party

Political Parties with Websites

Akhanda Nepal Party http://akhandanepal.org/en/
Bibeksheel Sajha  Party http://www.facebook.com/BibeksheelSajha/ , http://en.leadnepal.com/
Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist Centre) http://www.ucpnmaoist.org/
Communist Party of Nepal (Marxist Leninist) http://cpnml.org.np/
Communist Party of Nepal (Unified Marxist Leninist) http://www.cpnuml.org/
Green Party Nepal http://www.nepalgreenparty.com/
Hamro Party Nepal http://hamroparty.org
Madeshi janaadhikar Forum Nepal http://www.mprfn.org/
Naya Shakti Party, Nepal http://www.nayashaktinepal.org/
Nepal Mazdoor Kisan Party http://nwpp.org.np/nwpponline/
Nepali Congress http://nepalicongress.org/
Nepal Pariwar Dal http://pariwardal.blogspot.com
Rastriya Janamorcha http://www.rajamo.org/
Rastriya Janamukti Party http://janamukti.org/
Rastriya Prajatantra Party http://www.rppn.org/
Sanghiya Samajvadi Forum, Nepal http://federalsocialist.org/
Tarai Madesh Loktantra Party http://teraimadhesh.org/

Political Parties with no Sign on the Web

Akhanda Sudurpashchim Party Nepal
Bouddhik Prajatantrik Parishad
Churebhavar Rastriya Party
Deshbhakta Samaj
Gandhivadi Party Nepal
Janasamajvadi Party, Nepal
Janashakti Nepal
Lok Dal
Madhesh Terai Forum Party
Manch (Tharuhat)
Miteri Party Nepal
Nepal Prajatantrik Pragatisheel Party
Nepal Samajvadi Party (Lohiyavadi)
Rastriya Churebhavar Party
Rastriya Trimool Bahujan Samajvadi Party
Rastriya Yatharthavadi Party Nepal
Tamangsaling Loktantrik

Global Scenario

In the United States, White House uses Twitter, Facebook, Google+, LinkedIn, YouTube, and Reddit to connect with Americans. The emergence of political enthusiasm for the internet owes much to U.S. culture in the 1990s. Internet connectivity was spreading from universities and corporations to an increasingly large portion of the population. During the Clinton administration, Vice President Al Gore made the “Information Superhighway” a flagship concept. He linked the development of a high-speed digital telecommunication network to a new era of enlightened market democracy.

Online video changed how we view and digest debates.

[http://www.businessinsider.com/internets-influence-in-politics-2016-12]

Inexpensive webcams, audio software, and video-sharing websites like YouTube Self allow us to create self-produced video and upload it to large servers with ease. Politicians are using online video too — for Q&A’s, live streaming debates, and appearances. By July 2012, Obama’s YouTube channel had over 200 million views. Think of how costly that time would have been on TV or radio!

These changes have only scratched the surface of what the Internet has provided for the political realm. Even as the current election season wraps up, we’ll continue to hear of new Internet innovations and technologies, ones that were used to reach voters already as well as ones that are just emerging.

Donald Trump talked on Twitter during his campaign, but Facebook was the crucial tool that helped elect him, says the man who directed the digital aspects of the Trump campaign. In a “60 Minutes” interview, Brad Parscale says he handpicked Republican Facebook employees — he calls them “embeds” — to guide him with the placement of microtargeted ads. On Saturday, Facebook’s chief security officer Alex Stamos released an unusually raw tweetstorm defending the company’s software algorithms against critics who believe Facebook needs more oversight. [CBS News]

Conclusion

Thus, It is found that out of registered 80 political parties almost 70% political parties have approached in the web where almost 25 % parties have their own website and rest of them have no websites but have contents on Wikipedia and on social media like Facebook. It is found that almost 30 % parties have no websites and contents on Wikipedia and in social media. It seems that by the increased no. of mobile phone and internet users in Nepal; Political parties have approached on the web but not yet at the satisfactory level.

Many politicians all over the world run campaigns on the promise of change, communicating a positive message to potential voters. In thinking about the impact of the internet in politics, we usually consider how social media, websites and other online resources are used as a vehicle for political communication. Yet, its impact as a symbol and a powerful narrative is equally strong.

M.Sc. in Engineering
Lecturer and Research & Project Coordinator
Department of Computer and Electronics & Communication Engineering
Kathford International College of Engineering and Management

Saban Kumar K.C.

M.Sc. in Engineering
Lecturer and Research & Project Coordinator
Department of Computer and Electronics & Communication Engineering
Kathford International College of Engineering and Management

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