Android : Influence and History

In course of the evolution of the technology, the Android Operating System was developed on Nov 5 2007. The first Operating system was developed was Android 1.0 . Android is continually developed by Google and the Open Handset Alliance, and it has seen a number of updates to its base operating system since the initial release.It has been extending it’s updates and new features in the exponential way. According to the data provided by the Department of the statistics of USA , there are about 107.5 Billions users in the world and  in the context of the Nepal almost all people use the Android phone. Its’ been about 6 years that the System of the Android was developed in the Nepal. Before that people were using the Java Phone. As this is reliable , easy to use  most of the people use this. Most of the Mobile company like Samsung , HTC Colors etc. have integrated the Android Operating System in there phone .In the context of Nepal, most of the People  Use the  Samsung Phone ,as  this phone is cheap with the maximum facilities it has been able to keep its market in the Nepal

Android System has continously upadating is System of Operation. The list of the System it has developed is enlisted below and some of the Detail of them are given.

Android 1.0 – September 2008

Key device: HTC G1 (aka HTC Dream)

●    Includes full complement of Google apps, including Gmail and YouTube.
●    Amazon MP3 store handles music purchases, as Google had no music service available.
●    Android Market Beta debuts with the ability to list apps and games, but there’s no way to charge for them.
●    Widgets are present at this early stage, but they’re limited to Google’s own and are not truly interactive.


Android 1.5 (Cupcake) – April 2009

●    On-screen keyboard allows Android to move away from physical keyboards.
●    Camcorder app brings video recording to Android for the first time.
●    Videos can be uploaded to YouTube, and photos can be uploaded to Picasa.
●    Third-party widgets are now possible as a companion to an app.

Android 1.6 (Donut) – September 2009

CDMA support opens Android up to all carriers.
●    Multiple screen resolutions are available for the first time.
●    Android Market drops the “beta” tag and sees a significant update, ditching the original black theme for a slightly more colorful white, gray and green palette. Viewing categories allow users to sort by “Top paid,” “Top free” and “Just in.” Developers are now able to include screenshots (as opposed to simply a description followed by the reviews) to app listings.

Android 2.0 (Éclair) – October 2009

Google Maps Navigation is introduced, bringing free turn-by-turn directions to the phone.
●    Support for multiple accounts is added, with distinct Contact, Email and Calendar sync settings for each account.
●    Quick Contact provides a simple way to access both contact info and various options for communicating with that contact by tapping on the person’s thumbnail image. A Quick Contact widget is available in Email, Messaging and Calendar.

Android 2.1 – January 2010

●    Live Wallpapers bring perpetual animation to the home screen of Android devices if the user so chooses. Users can even interact with the live wallpaper by tapping on the screen. (This was a massive battery drain and a hit to performance.)
●    The app drawer now takes over the entire screen when tapped with a plain black background and a persistent home button at the bottom of the screen to return you to the home screen. Animations are added to the app drawer, a theme throughout Android 2.1, which shows app icons bending off the screen at the top and bottom when the user is scrolling

Android 2.1, Update 1 – February 2010

●    This update adds the pinch-to-zoom gesture — a feature previously only offered by the iPhone and notably absent from Android, despite the addition of multitouch in Android 2.0.

Android 2.2 (Froyo) – May 2010

●    Dalvik VM: Just-in-time (JIT) Compiler brings massive speed enhancements to Android.
●    New API enables the ability to push content directly from the Chrome browser on the desktop to the Android smartphone.
●    Apps can now be installed or moved to an SD card from internal storage to free up space on the device.

Android 2.3 (Gingerbread) – December 2010

●    The on-screen keyboard is redesigned to improve typing speed and accuracy, and suggestions are now available as you type.
●    Copy-and-paste is much improved, with arrows on either side of the area selected initially that can be moved to grab the appropriate text

Android 3.0 (Honeycomb) – February 2011

●    This is the first version of Android under the design direction of Matías Duarte and the first to share a cohesive look known as Holo (holographic) across the operating system and apps.
●    Notably, Android 3.0 is designed for tablets only, which left Google free to design with a significantly larger screen in mind.
●    The Fragments API was introduced to deal with this break between tablets and phones, which allowed developers to create multiple screens for a phone interface that could then be displayed together on the tablet.

Android 4.0 (Ice Cream Sandwich) – October 2011

●    Ice Cream Sandwich debuts eight months after Honeycomb and wipes Honeycomb off the books completely. Ice Cream Sandwich retains many of the design ideas introduced in Honeycomb, but tones down the sci-fi look.
●    All navigation is brought on-screen, meaning that it is now possible to release a device with only a power and volume buttons.
●    Users are now able to create folders on the home screen by simply dropping apps on top of one another.
●    Widgets are now resizable, showing more or less content depending on how large the user makes them.

Android 4.1 (Jelly Bean) – June 2012

●    Google Now is introduced as part of Search. It displays information in a card view that Google believes is relevant to you based on the information available in your Google apps and via your search history.
●    Notifications are greatly expanded in Jelly Bean, with the ability to quite literally expand notifications by tapping or pinching them. Notifications can display eight lines of text and could feature buttons at the bottom of the notification to take action.

Android 4.2 – October 2012

●    Lock-screen widgets allow users to interact with app widgets directly from the lock screen without having to unlock the device.
●    Daydream debuts — Google bills it as an “interactive screensaver mode” that your device will switch to when docked or plugged in.

Sushant Gautam

Mostly writes on growing tech trends, events, and future of technologies. He has a keen interest in tech entrepreneurial infrastructures and startup ecosystem of Nepal. He believes in using latest technologies in problem-solving and regularly patrols the progress in solving SDGs in developing countries. He is also a licenced amateur radio operator and ETC volunteer for disaster communication .

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